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What Is Project Management

What Is Project Management

PMI describes PM as: a set of proven principles, methods and techniques for the effective planning, scheduling, controlling and tracking of deliverable-oriented work (results) that help to establish a sound historical basis for future planning of projects.

Kerzner defines PM as: the planning, organizing, directing, and controlling of company resources (functional personnel) assigned to a specific project, for a relatively short-term objective that has been established to complete specific goals and objectives.

Common concepts in those statements are:

Management. Project management skills are a subset of general management skills.

Skills. Project management skills apply management skills to the achievement of project objectives. Those skills include planning, organizing, scheduling, directing, controlling, and tracking.

How does this relate to the Body of Knowledge? PMI describes the Project Management Body of Knowledge (e.g., critical path analysis and work breakdown structures) as intersecting the general management area of MBA knowledge (e.g., planning, organizing, staffing, executing, and controlling the operations of an ongoing enterprise), and both of those with the domain knowledge for the project (construction, biosciences, government contracting, consulting, etc.), as illustrated in the following figure. For software projects, this domain area is generally some specialty of IT or Engineering (payroll, electrical engineering, automotive, real time).

PMBOK Intersection with MBA Knowledge and Domain

So, we have this definition of PM as it applies to software: Project management is a specialization of general management studies that employs the standard management skills of planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling to achieve defined project objectives.

Usually, the same definition works for Program Management as well.


Tags

program management, project management, pmi
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